A Comparison of Solar and Wind Energy Production in Developing Countries


  • Angus Barber Undergraduate


Developing countries currently face major issues surrounding energy production sources and methods namely fossil fuels. Burning fossil fuels to create heat and energy has adverse effects on air quality for citizens of the country and the environment due to high carbon dioxide emissions as well as other greenhouse gases which contribute to global warming and climate change. They are also not well suited for off-grid applications required by rural communities. This article identifies the top two most highly invested in renewable technologies among developing countries as Solar and Wind power. In 2017 Wind and Solar gained 54.8B and 115.4B USD respectively in global new investment from developing countries, the next closest renewable technology was small-scale hydropower at 3.0B USD. Both of these production technologies are well suited to replace fossil fuels in these countries as they can be implemented on a wide scale to supply electricity for a main power grid and both of them are modular, so they can be scaled down for off-grid applications in rural communities as well. It was determined that neither of them is clearly superior to the other. The decision to implement one or the other depends heavily on factors such as climate, local price and policies, and the specific application.