Surveillance and Detection Applications: Health Information Systems in Japan during the COVID-19 Pandemic
The COVID-19 pandemic presented an immense challenge for Japan’s health information systems (HIS). This paper examines national adaptations to HIS to meet the increased burden of a pandemic. Literature was collected for the study from PudMed and was restricted to articles that incorporated all three of the following search terms: “Japan”, “COVID-19”, and “Health Information System”. Sixteen papers were ultimately selected for inclusion, while four supplemental resources were consulted. The literature review reviewed that Japan employed two strategies in dealing with the pandemic: one involving the digitalization of relevant data using mobile applications such as COCOA, COOPERA, and K-note; and another that utilized a hotline to improve access to relevant information. Recommendations to strengthen Japan’s HIS response to a future pandemic include increasing the horizontal scalability of contact tracing mobile applications, as well as improving electronic security.